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Photos Courtesy of: Official Toyota Site - http://www.toyota.com

Year: 1997
Make: Toyota
Model: Supra Twin Turbo
Base Price: $38,200
Origin: Motomachi Plant in Toyota City, Japan
¼ mile: 13.6 Seconds
0 - 60 MPH: 5 Seconds
Gas Mileage: City: 17 MPG / Hwy: 24 MPG
Position: Front Engine
Configuration: Twin Turbo 6-Cylinder
Valvetrain: Twin Cam 24-Valve
Displacement: 183 CI / 2999 CC
Power: 320 BHP / 238.6 KW @ 5600 RPM
Torque: 315 FT LBS / 427 NM @ 4000 RPM
Bore: 3.39 IN 86 MM
Stroke: 3.39 IN 86 MM
HP/L: 106.6 BHP per Liter
HP/LB: 10.8 LBS per BHP
Compression: 8.5:1
Block: Cast Iron
Cylinder Head: Aluminum Alloy
Ignition: Electronic
Fuel Delivery: Sequential EFI
Exhaust: Closed Loop O2 with 3-Way Catalyst
Drive Wheels: RWD with Traction Control and Limited slip differential
Curb Weight: 3445 LBS 1562.4 KG
Weight Dist: 53 / 47
Length: 177.8 IN / 4516 MM
Width: 71.3 IN / 1811 MM
Height: 49.8 IN / 1265 MM
Wheelbase: 100.4 IN / 2550 MM
Front Track: 59.8 IN / 1519 MM
Rear Track: 60.0 IN / 1524 MM
Ground Clearance: 4.7 IN / 119 MM
Steering: Power Rack-and-inion
Steering Ratio: 17.5:1
Turning Circle: 35.8 FT / 10.9 M
Materials: Unitized steel body and unitized frame
Front Brakes: Four piston calipers with spiral fins for cooling and ventilated discs, 4-sensor/3-channel ABS
Front Brake Size: 12.6 IN / 320 MM
Rear Brakes: Four piston calipers with spiral fins for cooling and ventilated discs, 4-sensor/3-channel ABS
Rear Brake Size: 12.6 IN / 320 MM
Front Wheels: 17.0 x 8.0 IN / 43.2 x 20.3 CM
Rear Wheels: 17.0 x 9.5 IN / 43.2 x 24.1 CM
Front Tires: 235/45ZR17
Rear Tires: 255/40ZR17
Front Suspension: Independent Double Wishbone with stabilizer bars, Telescopic gas-filled shock absorbers with coil springs
Rear Suspension: Independent Double Wishbone with stabilizer bars, Telescopic gas-filled shock absorbers with coil springs
Transmission: 6-Speed Manual
1st Gear Ratio: 3.827:1
2nd Gear Ratio: 2.360:1
3rd Gear Ratio: 1.685:1
4th Gear Ratio: 1.312:1
5th Gear Ratio: 1.000:1
6th Gear Ratio: 0.793:1
Reverse Ratio: 3.280:1
Final Drive Ratio: 3.133:1
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1997 Supra Launches 15th Anniversary Edition

Supra celebrates 15 years as Toyota's sport-performance flagship, as the 1997 model heralds the return of the six-speed manual transmission turbo model.

For 1997, all Supra models will be offered in a 15th Anniversary package and feature a rear spoiler, premium AM/FM/ETR cassette, special floor mats and limited-edition exterior badging -- all standard. Sport Roof models offer additional standard features including leather trimmed seats and a premium 3-in-1 AM/FM/ETR cassette/CD. Turbo models add to the already extensive list of standard equipment with a sport roof and polished aluminum alloy wheels.

All Supras are powered by a quick revving, twin-cam, in-line six-cylinder, 24-valve electronically fuel-injected engine. In normally aspirated trim, it produces 220 horsepower at 5,800 rpm and 210 lb./ft. of torque at 4,800 rpm. In addition to a tuned intake system, it incorporates split-exhaust manifolds for reduced engine back pressure, enhanced power output and greater fuel economy. The normally-aspirated Supra is available with either a five-speed manual or four-speed electronically controlled automatic transmission.

Supra's turbocharged engine produces 320 horsepower at 5,600 rpm and 315 lb.-ft. of torque at 4,000 rpm. Supra's twin-sequential intercooled turbos offer quick response at low engine speeds and high-volume output at increased engine speeds. During low-rpm operation, only one turbocharger is active, using less exhaust energy to improve engine response and torque from a standing start. Both turbos activate at high engine speeds providing maximum boost. The Supra Turbo is available with a Getrag-designed six-speed manual transmission or a four-speed electronically controlled automatic with intelligence.

The automatic transmission's control system adjusts shift timing, torque-converter lock-up timing, and engine torque in order to deliver virtually seamless shifts. With the simple push of a console button, a driver-select manual shift mode allows for quicker shifting between gears. Also, should the driver start from second or third gear with the pedal depressed beyond the full-throttle position, a kickdown switch momentarily drops the transmission into first.

The '97 Supra's unibody has been strengthened in key areas for improved torsional rigidity. The double-wishbone four-wheel independent suspension is fitted with gas-filled, coil-over shock absorbers and hollow front and rear stabilizer bars, providing a comfortable ride with maximum control. Turbo models feature a roadgripping TorsenÔ torque-sensing, limited slip differential and defeatable traction control system.

Steering is power assisted, speed-sensitive rack-and-pinion, providing taut control and road feel at highway speeds, while not sacrificing assist at lower speeds.

Supra receives only minor exterior changes for 1997. The flush head and tail lamps see the addition of a graphite background and last year's tinted glass will be replaced with a new high solar energy absorbing glass. The vehicle also incorporates a revised lower fascia and specific “Supra Turbo” badging.

Non-turbo Supras feature 225/50ZR16 tires on 16x18-inch alloy wheels in front and 245/50ZR16 on 16x9-inch alloy wheels in the rear. Turbo models receive 235/45ZR17 tires on 17x8-inch alloy wheels in the front, and 225/40ZR17 tires on 17x9.5-inch on alloys in the rear.

Supra offers standard antilock brakes (ABS), incorporating a lateral G-sensor and multi-channel control circuitry to adapt to varied road and performance conditions. Other standard safety features on the Supra include dual air bags Supplemental Restraint System, a rigid passenger compartment and front and rear crumple zones.

The interior enhances the driving experience with a cockpit-like cabin, which incorporates a wrap-around instrument panel and easy-to-read, center-mounted gauges.

Designed with the driver in mind, Supra's standard amenities are power windows, door locks and mirrors, cruise control, tilt steering wheel, a lockable, lighted glove box, remote fuel door and trunk releases and auto-off headlamps. Additional equipment includes a theft deterrent system, digital clock, a driver-side foot rest, lighted hatch area, variable intermittent windshield wipers and an intermittent rear window wiper. Supra's premium sound systems all offer a built-in theft deterrent system and a diversity antenna for optimized FM reception.

Comfortable, supportive seats are contoured to hold drivers in place, even during hard cornering. Seats are available in a new recolored sport cloth with manual adjustment or leather trimmed with a power driver's seat.

This year, Supra offers greater noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) control through additional sound insulating material, which is strategically placed throughout the vehicle for a more enjoyable cabin experience.

Supra offers buyers head turning style and sheer driving pleasure. Enthusiasts and weekend warriors alike will appreciate Toyota's “twin-turbo land rocket.”

For 1997, Supra is available in a new Royal Sapphire Pearl exterior paint color with recolored fabric seats.

Story by Toyota
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